April 3, 2014
by buddhistethic
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Buddhist Ethics at Home

Buddhism is a peaceful religion that values all individuals within and out of the family structure. While Buddhism gives no direct instructions about marriage or the rearing of children it does value certain individual practices. Marriages are not limited in the number of partners either and ceremonies are not performed by Buddhist monks. These are seen as matters outside of the religion and are usually taken care of in a civil ceremony. While this may all seem a bit confusing, Buddhists tend to lead and incredibly harmonious life within the home. In some cases though, divorce does occur where a couple cannot resolve their differences. 

Marriage
Buddhism does not deal directly with marriage in most cases and provides little guidance about behavior during marriage. Multiple marriages could technically occur at once and monogamy is neither prohibited nor encouraged. It is expected though that partners treat each other with respect and that they value each other. Harmony within a relationship is certainly encouraged as well. Issues of violence or harm do become an issue within the Buddhist culture. Divorce is actually encouraged if the couple cannot resolve their differences. Buddhists believe that this is preferably to ongoing disharmony and violence within the home. 

Children
Children are certainly valued highly in the Buddhist culture, but no special rules apply to rearing children. Parents should however value their children and seek to be in harmony with them whenever possible. Buddhism does encourage enlightenment throughout the life cycle though. This means that children will at some point pull away from their parents in their own life’s journey. This is not seen as incorrect in Buddhist homes. In fact it is quite natural and was encouraged by Siddhartha himself. So while children and parent should strive to respect and value each other there are no specific rules for these relationships within Buddhism as a whole. 

Gender Roles
Like many other areas of the home Buddhism gives no specific roles to either gender about their responsibilities. Once again mutual respect and responsibility seem to be the order of the day. Buddhists should strive for peace within the home and everything else will usually fall into place. This seems to be the way Buddhism has operated for centuries with a great deal of success it would seem even though there are few rules for family life. 

Overall Buddhism values each individual without very much emphasis on genders or hard and fast rules about life in general. Within the home if everyone is valued and treated with respect, then harmony will be maintained from children to adults throughout the home life. Marriages as mentioned above are not governed by Buddhism, but may be encouraged to be dissolved with divorce if violence or unhappiness persists in the relationship. Children also enjoy a simple set of rules and very little is mentioned about rules for rearing children in Buddhism. It is assumed though that children will at some point pull away from their parents. This is necessary for enlightenment which is greatly encouraged throughout Buddhism. Even Siddhartha felt the need to eventually pull away from his family while he searched for enlightenment so very long ago. 

March 18, 2014
by buddhistethic
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Karma: The law of moral Causation

Karma is the law of moral relationship in Buddhism. It is a fundamental doctrine in Buddhism. The karma theory was formulated by the Buddha and it serves the purpose of explaining inequalities such as:

· why are some people blessed, and others are cursed
· why are some people brought up in luxury while others languish in poverty
· why are some people born with characteristics of saints while others are criminal

The above are some of the inequalities of mankind that have causes or are coincidental. According to Buddhism, the inequalities are in existence due to karma. It is believed that humanity is responsible for his happiness and misery. The Buddha gives an explanation of the problem of inequality in accordance with the law of cause and effect. His explanation is that we are all born with characteristics that are hereditary. We also possess innate abilities that are not accounted for in science. Parents provide the sperm and the ovum that forms the nucleus, a compound that is vitalized by the karmic energy to form the foetus. Karma is thus seen as the conceptive cause of human beings.

It is worth noting that Buddhism does not entirely believe that everything is as a result of the law of karma. Buddhist firmly believes that the present mental state and moral intellectual of human beings are mostly doing to their actions. Karma in Buddhism is a law that operates on its own without any intervention.

Causes of Karma
Ignorance is believed to be the primary cause of karma by Buddhists. Ignorance is referred to as Avijja in Buddhism. It is the misunderstanding of the nature of reality in Buddhism. The other cause that is associated with ignorance is ally craving, also referred to as tanha. This is the need to hold on to pleasurable experiences. Buddhists believe that evil actions are as a result of these two.

Classification of Karma

With respect to functions, karma is classified into four:

1. Reproductive Karma
Buddhist believes that every birth is as a result of a past good or bad karma that predominated at death. They believe that the death of a person is merely a temporary end of a temporary phenomenon. They are of the believe that when a person dies, another form of the individual takes the place of the deceased.

2. Supportive Karma
This comes near the reproductive karma and is neither right nor wrong. It assists and maintains the actions of the reproductive karma in the course of one’s lifetime.

3. Obstructive/Counteractive Karma
This tends to weaken and retard the fruition of the reproductive karma. For instance, a person who is born with a good reproductive karma may succumb to various ailments that prevent him from enjoying the results of his good actions

4. Destructive Karma
This is more efficient in that it is not only obstructive but also destroys. It should, however, be noted that it can be either right or wrong.

The law of karma is strictly adhered to by Buddhist. They use the law to understand various norms such as suffering, and also rely on its teachings on individual responsibility. The law gives hope, consolation and, above all, moral courage to the Buddhist.

March 5, 2014
by buddhistethic
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Buddhist Ethics – The way for enhancing communication

Today people are communicating much faster than ever before in the history of mankind due to the easy availability of communication technology at our fingertips. Most people start their day by checking out their emails, updating their Facebook statuses and even posting pictures. The need to access information and share it with many others is fast becoming an addiction as many people confess that they are simply lost without their devices.
 
Text messaging and alerts seem to be the most popular choice for communication among people these days. There have been many instances wherein people have used technology for entirely wrong reasons which ultimately led to disastrous consequences.This is mainly due to the deterioration of morals and ethics from our daily lives. 
 
Since Buddhism is well known as a peaceful religion, Buddhist ethics which are followed popularly can be applied while communicating. The foundation for Buddhist ethics come from the Five Precepts which are – no lying, no killing (any living thing), no sexual misconduct (abstaining from negative thoughts and deeds), no stealing and avoiding intoxicants. These Buddhist ethics should be followed by everyone while communicating through text messaging and alerts in order to avoid the cycle of negative emotions and their damaging results.
 
No lying – This means that we have to abstain from lying about ourselves and about others in order to gain popularity among our social network. Most young adults often tend to make up stories and circulate false rumors in an attempt to showcase themselves in a better position than they actually are.
 
No stealing – Stealing of someone else’s ideas is equally wrong as stealing of things. Nowadays people take credit for other’s work and ideas simply by advertising as their own. Quite often the real, hardworking people get sidelined and do not get their due recognition awards and success. 
 
No Killing – Buddhism strongly opposes killing of any living thing, whether it may be an animal or a human life. When it comes to communication, this can be understood as avoiding the killing of other’s social reputation.
 
No sexual misconduct – Teenagers and adults alike often engage in lewd behavior while engaging in communication with others by posting and forwarding sexually explicit content. This type of negative behavior is very disturbing and should be strictly avoided.
 
No intoxicants – The word intoxicants usually brings to mind recreational drugs or alcohol but in reality intoxicants are any such things which a person has a chance of getting addicted to. In the world of communication intoxicants refers to negative behavioral tendencies such as rumor mongering, spreading false information, deliberately provoking and attacking others etc. These negative behaviors are a result of low self-esteem among the perpetrators. Such people often get their emotional high by causing emotional distress to their victims. This kind of abusive behavior should be avoided at all costs.
 
By following these Buddhist ethics and making a conscious effort to remove negativity while communicating with others we can experience these positive results.
 
· Achieve true peace of mind.
Create positive effects within our social circle.
Build long lasting, trusting and loving relationships.

February 20, 2014
by buddhistethic
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6 Tips On How to Comply With Buddhist Ethics In Business

1) Connections and Friends: One of the most important aspects of business and happiness is having a strong network of people whom you are able to depend on. The people who mentor you, are a shoulder to lean on will help create a successful path for you in business.

2) Abstaining From Substances That Cause Intoxication: This applies to two aspects of business life. Not only must the business person conduct all of their business practices while sober and in a clear state of mind but also in the products which they associate with. When you are business consulting or conducting business in line with Buddhist ethics you must not sell products which could cause intoxication. This also goes towards the broader areas of business such as marketing and public relations. Anywhere along the supply chain from creation of the intoxicating substance, to the branding, to the logistics of how the product gets to sale must be abstained from.

3) Don’t Lie: In accordance to Buddhist ethics you must not speak false words. This is true for what you say casually to those around you as well as for your business dealings. I am sure you wouldn’t find any buddhist Thrower & Schwartz lawyers out there in the world. When involved in marketing of a certain product some firms will inflate their product’s capabilities, this is not acceptable in accord to Buddhist ethics. You must also abstain from leading people to believe they are getting a better bargain or deal than they actually are which can be commonplace in modern day businesses.

4) Balance: This can often be seen on popular business blogs as work-life balance however it is more specifically meant to address your spending habits. With Buddhist business ethics balance is key. You mustn’t live to luxuriously or too frugally (depending on what you make). It is important not to over or underspend what you make. Moderation is the key to success and happiness for those who practice Buddhist ethics in business.

5) Development: You must always be willing to grow. The transformation process is integral to growing in business and may require a business consultant. You mustn’t stay the same way as you were in the beginning or you will not succeed and will be outpaced by those willing to diversify and challenge themselves. It is vastly important to put value on your skill development so that you can become the best that you can be. Professional development will not only help you but also your company and those you surround yourself with.

6) Don’t Judge People: Sometimes in modern day business it can be all too common to judge someone’s goodness or quality based on their wealth or lack of funds. In Buddhist business ethics this must be abstained from. We must not see money as the end goal and you must certainly not place people’s value on their current financial situation. We must treat everyone equally no matter what they make or where they work. It is completely possible for a millionaire not to use his or her wealth to better the world and to have a middle manager making less than $80,000 a year who gives much of their time and salary to charities and good causes.

February 1, 2014
by buddhistethic
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Buddhist Ethics You Must Learn and Understand

According to Buddhism, the moral and ethical principles are studied by examining a particular course of action, whether linked to speech or body- is likely to cause harm to one’s self or other people and thereby shunning away any actions that are liable to be bizarre.

In Buddhist teachings, there is a proper talk of skilled minds. A mind that is skillful knows how to avoid remorseful actions.
In Buddhism, moral conduct differs to whether it applicable to the sangha, laity or clergy. A good Buddhist should acquire good behavior by undertaking “five precepts.”

These ethics are not like the commandments in the bible which entail punishment by God if broken. However, if one breaks one of these rules, one should strive should be aware of the mistakes and breach and study how such an error may be avoided later.
Read on the Buddhist ethics below:

1. To undertake the training to avoid taking the life of beings
This ethic applies to every living creature, not just people. Every living being has a right to live, and that right to life should be utterly respected.

2. Undertake training to avoid taking things not given
This particular ethic means much more than just stealing. You should avoid taking anything unless you are sure that it is meant for you.

3. To undertake training to avoid sensual misconduct
This factor is often misinterpreted or mistranslated as referring only to sexual misconduct but it means any over-indulgence in any form of erotic behavior or rather pleasure like for instance gluttony and also misconduct of a sexual phenomenon.

4. To undertake training to refrain from false speech
As well as deceiving, cheating and lying, this aspect covers speech as well as slander that is not beneficial to other people.

5. Abstain from substances that cause heedlessness and intoxication
This ethic is in an unusual and unique level/caliber as it does not insinuate intrinsic evil in, say smoking itself, but indulgence in it could be the primary catalyst for breaking the other ethics.

These are the fundamental principles expected as part of the day to day training of any Buddhist. On holidays, mot Buddhist such as those who follow Theravada tradition, would observe three additional ethics with emphasis on the third ethic to be observed strictly.

They are as follows:

6. To abstain from singing, music, dancing and entertainment.
It means refraining from the use of ornaments, perfumes and other products used to beautify or adorn the person.

7. To abstain from taking food at inappropriate times
It means following the Theravada tradition to the letter by avoid eating from noon until the next day.

8. Abstain from using high or luxurious beds
These are regulations that are adopted by all the members of the “Sangha and are followed on special events or occasions.

A strict vegan diet is also strictly followed. To train to avoid taking life of living beings. Eating meat is also considered a wise contribution to taking of life.

The above are just but a few of the many Buddhist ethics that exist; you can always read more regarding the same.